Dating Bunnykins and Bunnykins Backstamps
By Henry Doulton had established the name of the Doulton Lambeth art wares and set up factories making sanitary, industrial and architectural products in Rowley Regis, St. Within ten years he had enlarged the factory three times, built a china works, taken on the largest and most gifted group of artists in the Potteries, and developed for Dating bunnykins plates a reputation for craftsmanship and artistry still identified with Royal Doulton today. There follows a selection of the backstamps most commonly used on Doulton Burslem wares, and some further hints on dating.
The information is taken by permission from "The Doulton Burslem Wares" by Desmond Eyles, a compulsory work of reference for xmate dating collector of Doulton wares see back page. The reference numbers for the Doulton Burslem marks have been prefixed by the letter 'B' to distinguish them from those also numbered 1 and up in the list of Lambeth marks given in The Doulton Lambeth Wares. Other devices occur incorporating the name of the pattern.
Several of these were adopted after by Doulton and remained in dating bunnykins plates for about twenty years. The following are two typical examples found dating bunnykins plates the patterns Rouen and Kew. Various other pattern names will be found. The coronet on B. This mark, adapted from a similar Dating bunnykins plates mark incorporating a device of four interlocking D's was introduced c. After the word ENGLAND was added underneath. The mark dating bunnykins plates in use until The coronet was probably added to the earlier mark c.
The Prince of Wales' later King Edward VI 1ENGLAND was added underneath after This mark continued in use until It appears to have been used instead of B. A simplified version showing only the coronet on a flat base and the word DOULTON was also used. An adaptation of B. Occasionally found also between and along with B. The printed or impressed word HOLBEIN is dating bunnykins plates found on some examples of this particular dating bunnykins plates.
Introduced in the latter part of to mark the grant of the Royal Warrant by King Edward VII together with the dating bunnykins plates right to use the word ROYAL to designate Doulton products. This mark was in general use at Burslem between and On smaller wares, only the bottom half of this mark i. This is the same as It was in use for all Fine Bone China products between and and is still used today on figures, animal models and other non-tableware Bone China products.
Introduced in to replace B. Still in use today. Introduced in for the then newly launched English Transluccent China Tableware. In use until when the name was changed to Fine English China and the new trade-mark B. Introduced during the period for the newly named Fine English China and still in use today. Various special marks will be found on figures, Character Jugs, dating bunnykins plates models, Series Wares, Titanian, Morrisian, Flamb?
Sung and Chang Wares, etc. These, by themselves, are not of much help for the purpose of ibadan hookup but fortunately they are usually in addition to the standard trade-mark in use dating bunnykins plates the time, e. Pattern numbers, Registration numbers and artists' signatures dating bunnykins plates also help to indicate the period of production. A few examples of special marks are given below: A special mark found in conjunction with B.
A special mark found on Titanian Wares, especially small items c. On larger pieces B. This mark appears on early Flamb? Wares especially small pieces. Several variations of the standard trademark are found with the word FLAMBE printed underneath. Sung script mark used in conjunction with Flamb? Also in this example are C. Noke's signature and Fred Moore's monogram.
Chang script mark used in conjunction with standard, trademark c. Noke's signature and Harry Nixon's monogram. Many Series Ware patterns also have their own special back-stamps. Two typical designs are illustrated: There are numerous special marks referring to glaze effects, specific patterns and commissioned pieces. This mark is found on a simulated Chinese glaze effect bowl. Also marked with impressed word DOULTON. This mark is found on biscuit barrels produced for McVitie and Price.
Some of the marks found on Doulton Character jugs: Detailed descriptions of figures, Character Jugs and Toby Jugs, with dates dating bunnykins plates introduction and where applicable of withdrawal, will be found in the publications Royal Doulton Figures and Royal Doulton Character and Toby Jugs see back page. The following numbers indicate the approximate periods during which the patterns so marked were first introduced.
It must be kept in mind that some patterns remained in production and usually kept the same number for many years. The trade-marks were, however, changed several times between the s and now, and these can help to establish the period of production. There was sometimes an overlap in numbering between the end of one year and the beginning of another, so that some of the dates of introduction given below may be a year out.
Because of missing records it has not always been possible to give the numbers year by year. Dating bunnykins plates pieces fortunately carry in addition to trade-mark and pattern number an impressed or printed indication of when they were made. The impressed date may give the year only, e. The impressed dates are not always to see and may be overlooked if one is not careful.
The printed dates are usually indicated by Code Numbers beginning with 1 for and up to 30 for A simple way of calculating the date is to add the number in question to Thus 14 indicates the year and 23 indicates On some patterns, particularly on china, the date has been written in special ink. V-NUMBERS CHINA The V-numbers were almost always used after for patterns on an ivory tinted china body. Before dating bunnykins plates H-numbers were also used for this body.
Hand-painted, and largely hand-painted, wares designed and decorated by Robert Allen and dating bunnykins plates in his studios, were often given RA-numbers, written by hand, in addition to the usual trade-mark and any other number. Unfortunately many of the record books giving details are missing, but despite this what is available is interesting as giving some idea when pieces so numbered were designed.