The Epic Riddle Of Dating Ramayana, Mahabharata
This article is from Open Magazine. The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it.
This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement-- dahing additional director scientifix from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department--extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata. By dating curt teich postcards the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years.
He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by one, he says, it all fell into place. His paper on the war's dating will be part of a book of research on the Mahabharata that I-Serve plans to bring out xcientific this year. In support of his hypothesis, he cites research by veteran scientiic KS Valdiya, author of Saraswati: The River That Disappeared, on paleoseismic activity in the lower Himalayas to trace the approximate time of the Mahabharata.
Ashok Bhatnagar, Technical Director, Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas: There exists a long tradition of astronomical dating of Indian epics done by studying celestial events like scientific dating ramayan, comets, and planetary positions mentioned in textssome by scholars, and now with easily available software packages, increasingly by amateurs. A quick search on the internet would have you believe that astronomy has already proved the veracity of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, with countless websites carrying contradictory data.
But consensus is hard datng scientific dating ramayan. Take the case of scietnific discrepant dating that astronomy throws up for the Mahabharata. Bhatnagar's dates are close to those of RN Iyengar, one of India's best scientific dating ramayan civil engineers and a scholar on the history of science, who has pegged the Mahabharata at BCE.
Another veteran researcher in the field, Narhari Achar, a professor of Physics at the University of Memphis, backs the more popularly accepted date, BCE. Says Professor Achar on email, 'Different scholars have strong opinions and believe their own results are correct. Deeper study of the original texts would help. The problem of dating the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a difficult one, as the texts are syncretic and accretive.
The dates recreated by astronomy software cannot be taken as definitive since we do not know whether the verse being dated was part the original core or if it was added later, says Subhash Kak, who teaches at the department of electric and computer engineering at Louisiana State University, and has worked on the history of Indian science. The way a poetic description of an astral event in the verses is interpreted is subjective and it lacks scholarly agreement.
The quest to prove the historicity of the epics by dating them affirmatively is an old pursuit. It is also a politically fraught subject that has been making recurrent headlines. There was a fair amount of opposition when Y Sudershan Rao, a little- known Mahabharata researcher, took over last year as chairperson of the Indian Council of Historical Research ICHRand stated soon after that the Ramayana and Mahabharata are not 'myths' but true accounts of the period.
It led to fear among historians that the ICHR would henceforth expend all its energy dating the epics, a field that many historians dub 'unhistorical'. According to raamyan recent news report, the ICHR will soon be taking up research projects scientific dating ramayan new approaches to writing ancient Indian history based on Sanskrit texts, and revisiting the ramyan of Aryan immigration into India.
It is clear that the epic dating enterprise will be getting a fillip in times to come. Contemporary dialogue on India's ancient past often resembles the battlefield of Kurukshetra, cleaved into two factions, the Left and the Right, mythology versus truth versus bunkum. Beyond the political battleground, if you take a popular vote on this subject, it will show up the duality that the Indian mind scientific dating ramayan so at ease wordpress dating plugin nulled Generations of researchers have combined the study of the two texts with data from astronomy, archaeology and scientigic.
The field has been widened to include genetic studies and natural sciences, but to little or no avail. We are far from any unanimous agreement, except for concurring that the Vedas predate the Ramayana, which came before the Mahabharata. Gyaneshwar Chaubey, Geneticist, Estonian Biocentre: There are people, however, who are committed to delving deeper for answers by applying imaginative cross-disciplinary ways of thinking and analysis to the epics. Take the case of Gyaneshwar Chaubey, a geneticist at the Estonian Biocentre in Tartu, Estonia.
He has been conducting genetic studies on the tribes of the Ramayana. In the first part of the project that lasted for three years, he studied the gene sientific of the three scientific dating ramayan tribes mentioned in the epic, Bhil, Kol and Gond, to establish their scientific dating ramayan since ancient times with contemporary tribal and caste populations of the Indian Subcontinent.
We know that Indian mythological sources might have preserved information about prehistoric peopling as well as past societal structure. And we use this information and look into the human genome DNAwhich preserves information back several generations. And then we see how this information coming from their genome is in concordance scientific dating ramayan vice-versa with the mythological information,' he explains in an interview over email.
The Ramayana project is ongoing, and the plan for the next phase scientific dating ramayan to collect DNA samples from communities that claim direct lineage from Rama and then look for a consensus result--if any--that traces his male descent via the Y chromosomal haplogroup. Chaubey also speaks of how his growing up years in Varanasi gave him a firm grounding in mythological texts and sources, which he now applies to research.