Fission track dating
The Institute for Creation Research ICR has recently completed their multi-year project dealing with a scientific evaluation of the age of the earth and produced two book publications and an accompanying DVD. Within their research, the ICR research team makes many claims that geological evidence, including their findings dealing with dating rocks using the fission track dating method, provides substantial evidence for a young earth.
In order to evaluate ICR's findings, one must first establish a proper methodology for fission track dating and compare ICR's methodology and finding to previous results. Fission tracks, as physical structures, are simply linear tracks in rock crystals usually about meters long. Fission tracks are most often caused by the spontaneous fission of the parent Uranium atom into two daughter atoms of palladium Fission track dating is somewhat of an anomaly in the field of radiometric dating.
All other radiometric dating techniques rely on the relative abundances of a known parent isotope of an element and its corresponding concentration of daughter decay products. Fission track dating, on the other hand, does not involve the measurement of daughter products, and the concentration of its parent isotope can be misleading because the parent element goes through other types of decay much more often than it goes through spontaneous fission.
Unlike any other dating methods, however, fission tracks leave physical evidence of a radioactive process. Instead of comparing the ratio of isotopes, the age of a rock is determined by visually counting fission tracks of U. Fission track dating, although an unusual radiometric dating process, is accurate when used correctly and correlated with other dating methods. In order to make fission tracks a useful method to date the earth, it must fit the criteria of good a natural clock.
A note must be made that fission tracks are extremely thermally unstable Geochronology Group The rock crystals will realign upon slight heating, either erasing or greatly shrinking most fission tracks. Therefore, fission tracks can only date the age of the last cooling of the rock, not necessarily the rock's correct geologic age of formation.
The first condition of a good whah clock is that it has a known tracl condition. Fission track dating has a very good initial condition, being dhruv and thapki dating are no fission tracks evident in a newly formed what is fission track dating. A natural clock must also have a process with a constant rate with which measurements of age can be made.
Once again, fission track dating fulfils this requirement, as the spontaneous fission of U atoms occurs at what is fission track dating constant rate under natural conditions. The other two requirements for a natural clock are that the process of the clock must be irreversible, and it must have a known final condition. The spontaneous fission of U is irreversible, as there is no know process in the Universe that can fuse two palladium atoms together. The evidence of fission tracks, however, can be considered somewhat reversible, as they easily disappear with heating.
This is why fission tracks can only measure the last cooling of the rock, not what is fission track dating age of formation. Fission track dating also has a known final condition; when all of the U atoms undergo fission, the constant rate of what is fission track dating clock will cease and no new what is fission track dating will appear. As for the procedures used in fission track dating, first rock samples must be collected from a desired study location.
According to the research done by ICR in their book Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth, they collected various samples from "stratigraphically well-constrained volcanic ash or tuff beds from which Zircons would be extracted" What is fission track dating The samples were collected at various sites across the Western United States, including Arizona, Utah, and California.
The ICR research team sent the collected samples to Geotrack International Laboratory in Melbourne, Australia, because of its specialization in fission track dating of minerals Snelling While in Melbourne, minerals were separated from the rock sample gission only the hard minerals such as apatite, zircon, sphene, and natural glasses including obsidian and pitchstone can be accurately dating using fission tracks. The zircon grains were chosen for testing and, after a number of grinding and chemical treatment steps in order to prepare the sample, a thin grain 0.
As these molecules underwent fission, their tracks were etched into the mica resin, as tfack zircon grain was in effect made two-dimensional because of its traack width. In order to determine the density of zircon tracks within the crystal compared to the mica, which will correlate to the age of the grains, the researchers in Melbourne used a light microscope with a linear magnification of times. The researchers found the average values for the spontaneous track densities and compared them to the induced track densities determine the ratio of parent to daughter fission isotopes.
The ratio, when contrasted with the decay constant for spontaneous fission fissiln Uranium atoms, gives an estimate of the rock's last cooling date Snelling In ICR's research, 20 grains from each sample were tested, fussion an average age for each rock was calculated from these grains. As for the methods used by the ICR research team, they seem to be consistent with other research groups that do fission track dating.
Also, there is absolutely no reason to doubt the credibility of the Geotrack International Laboratory. Overall, it appears the ICR research team was fisssion and had solid scientific data, in the form of realistic ages with relatively small standard deviations, of the fission track dates for the rock dahing which they collected.
Now that a method has been established, the data and results of the ICR research are able to be analyzed. The first conclusions that ICR mentioned, which can be found in Table 1, samples MT-3 and TT-1, is that the results for fissionn Middle Cambrian samples "fail to frigidaire refrigerator ice maker hook up with previously published results, showing major disagreement or discordance" DeYoung